In today’s diverse world and global economy, being culturally responsive is a critical and necessary feature of our interactions with one another. It is also vitally important in the context of education. However, more than that, and even more so now, given the disparities across people and regions, and the inherent racial inequalities that exist in our nation, it is incumbent upon educators to ensure we are embracing culturally responsive teaching. But what exactly does it mean to be culturally responsive? The National Center for Culturally Responsive Educational Systems (NCCREST) defines it as “the ability to learn from and relate…


Second language or foreign language learners most commonly claim that vocabulary is one of their main weaknesses and that they need to learn vocabulary so that they understand the texts they are reading. While comprehension of language structures such as syntax helps learners understand the relationships between sentences and ideas, it does not provide direct access to the meaning of the sentence. Although teachers do spend time teaching vocabulary, time constraints and coverage of large numbers of vocabulary items are often not possible. Typically, learners’ receptive vocabulary, that is words they recognize but do not use, is larger than their…


As fall semester approaches, I have begun the process of setting up my classes online, enthusiastically organizing weekly modules, assignments, assessments and engaging in the process of content curation. Spring semester was a disruption to say the least, but I’m determined that fall will be better — much better — for my students and for me. I eagerly check enrollment numbers only to find enrollment has declined by 30–40 percent. Higher education institutions across the country are trying to determine what the fall semester will entail. On campus or online instruction, hybrid plans and increased protections for students’ well-being are…


Over the years there has been a change in the way assessment of reading is viewed. The testing of reading is now more consistent with a strategic view of the reading process rather than the idea that reading is a discrete skill. Current theories of reading assert that the best assessment consists of having teachers observe and interact with students who are reading authentic texts for genuine purposes and of having teachers see how their students construct meaning.

Before considering various methods of assessment, it is important to understand the different types of reading assessed. Teachers must recognize that test…


COVID-19 has resulted in millions of teachers having to convert their face-to-face classes to an online learning environment. As changes happened in a period of days, they rose to the challenge and quickly began utilizing the tools — the school LMS, email, Zoom, and whatever else their districts encouraged, supported or provided. In an effort to replicate the face-to-face experience, teachers were spending hours of their day online. What we quickly came to realize, and what I am hearing from most of my colleagues, is that was resulting in online fatigue — both for instructors and students. Our goal is…

Meena Singhal

Co-founder of ScriptoPro LMS | Editor of The Reading Matrix: An International Online Journal | College Administrator | PhD Applied Linguistics

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